Ayurveda is a medical practice originated in India. It is said to have been in existence for more than 10000 years. The word Ayurveda is comprised of "Ayu" and "Veda" meaning the science of life.
Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of leading a healthy life free from diseases for a vibrant and enjoyable existence. Accordingly, the Ayurvedic masters recommend a life style based on individual body constitution. Each person having a unique body constitution, one has to follow a life style that is suitable to his or her body. In Ayurveda, the body types are primarily classified into three types. They are Vata type, Pitta type and Kapha type. For a simple understanding, it can be explained as the Vata, dominated by air circulation in the body, Pitta by metabolism and Kapha by body structure. An expert Ayurvedic physician or doctor can identify the correct body type of a person during an Ayurvedic Consultation. In olden times, diagnosis used to be based on pulse reading by the Vaidya, also called doctor who treats a patient with the help of Ayurvedic medicines and treatments. Ayurveda treatment demands a life style with regular but moderate “Ahar" (diet), "Vihar" (exercise) and "Nidra" (rest). The secret of the Ayurvedic treatments is that it pacifies or balances the body to its original condition.
Ayurveda is naturopathy. Its concepts and practices are with the use of herbal preparations and natural therapeutic massages. According to Ayurveda, loss of health or disease is the result of the buildup of toxins in the body. The focus of treatments is therefore to detoxify or purify the body. Detoxification is equally applicable both for disease management and also for rejuvenation. It is the core principle in Ayurveda and it is achieved through a series of fivefold procedure called Panchakarma. These are called Vamana, Virechana, Vasti (Basti), Nasya and Raktamokshna. Panchakarma is not only for diseased persons, but it is highly useful for restoration, rejuvenation and maintenance of a healthy body and mind. The human body consists of many organs and for its proper functioning; Ayurveda recommends detoxification or Panchakarma at least once or twice in a year. .